Competition in evolving communications markets

Towards the end of 2016, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission released an issues paper seeking views on competition in evolving communications markets. This issues paper was in the lead up to the Mobile Roaming Declaration Inquiry, in which Two Crows has an interest, and is concerned about the impact mobile roaming could have on network infrastructure investment in regional Australia.

Further to our post on writing successful submissions, we have provided a copy of our submission to the Communications Market Study team below.

US & Australia – The Minds of Electors

In the period of June 30, to July 2, 2016, Two Crows undertook a survey to assist with a research piece currently being undertaken by a student at the University of Columbia.

The survey conducted over three days was open to any member of the public who had access to a web browser at the time. The survey was limited to 19 questions, which were primarily focused on the 2016 US Presidential election and the 2016 Australian federal election.

The purpose of the survey was to gain an insight, somewhat limited, into the minds and attitudes of Australian electors and the reasons for their level of engagement in both campaigns. A full list of the survey findings can be downloaded below.

Highlights

%

of respondents conisdered it part of their civic duty to always cast a valid informed vote, even if they had the choice to vote or not.

%

of respondents said a vision was 'unlikely' to influence their vote

%

of respondents were equally engaged in both the 2016 US Presidential election and 2016 Australian ferderal election campaigns

Key to writing successful submissions

So you have determined that you have an interest in a matter where you want to influence the outcome, such as a draft local council policy or a development application nearby, and you are not sure where to start.

As with many of these types of matters that get publicly exhibited, those responsible for reviewing your submission and taking its points into consideration, will generally be doing it against a set of predetermined criteria. In many instances, it may be statutory criteria, which is the case for development applications and merger proposals as examples.

It is important to establish what these criteria are before you start writing your submission. That way, you can ensure that your submission remains relevant, and you have a greater chance of your views being taken into consideration.

A recent example is the local government reforms in NSW. When examining a merger proposal, the Delegate was to take into consideration a number of factors as prescribed by the Local Government Act 1993, to inform the recommendation the Delegate made to the Minister. Some of these factors included (not exhaustive):

  • the financial advantages or disadvantages (including the economies or diseconomies of scale) of any relevant proposal to the residents and ratepayers of the areas concerned,
  • the community of interest and geographic cohesion in the existing areas and in any proposed new area,
  • the existing historical and traditional values in the existing areas and the impact of change on them,
  • the attitude of the residents and ratepayers of the areas concerned.

Matters that require public exhibition are usually emotionally sensitive, such as local government reform, therefore, it is important to remove personal emotion from a submission and rely on facts and substantive information to make the case.

In reviewing many public submissions made as part of the reform process in NSW, many submitters provided written submissions stating that they were against a merger proposal, and most failed to provide any reasons or justification for such a view, other than broad anecdotal statements. In this case, the submitters views could generally only be considered against the criteria “the attitude of residents and ratepayers of the areas concerned”. As the factors that are required to be considered are not weighted or given a hierarchy, by limiting the submission to the emotive issue, submitters have limited their ability to influence the Delegate’s recommendation.

A simple checklist for writing your submission:

  • Has the assessment criteria been addressed,
  • Have your claims and statements been substantiated by evidence or fact,
  • Does your submission relate to a broader plan, if so, does your submission address its scope,
  • Do you have emotional statements. If so, are they critical to the submission, and
  • Is there a better alternative or compromise. If so, state it to give the reviewer something to work with.

You can download a copy of a submission Two Crows prepared on one of the regional merger proposals in February 2016.